What Is HIPPA?
HIPPA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information.
A US law designed to provide privacy standards to protect patients’ medical records and other health information provided to health plans, doctors, hospitals and other healthcare providers. Developed by the Department of Health and Human Services, these new standards provide patients with access to their medical records and more control over how their personal health information is used and disclosed. They represent a uniform, federal floor of privacy protections for consumers across the country. State laws providing additional protections to consumers are not affected by this new rule. HIPAA took effect on April 14, 2003.
The regulations were enacted as a multi-tiered approach that set out to improve the health insurance system. HIPAA has specifications that ensure the confidentiality and privacy of protected health information. If you don’t know already, HIPAA is very important to everyone, including you.
- Here are a few reasons why:
1)HIPAA allows you to deem who may speak on your behalf. If you were to get in an accident and unable to communicate, it is crucial that trusted individuals be able to represent you. Some misled entities will tell you that you may only have one individual representing you but that is not true; you may designate as many people as you want to be your voice.
2)Under HIPAA, everyone has complete access to a copy of their personal medical records. This is a given right and no institution can deny that. The only catch to this law is entities are entirely permitted to charge for this so they may try to charge ridiculous prices.
3) HIPAA was designed to protect patients and their confidentiality. Every healthcare institution is required to have a compliance department so if you feel there is a compliance concern or breach of data, contact this department to resolve your issue.
BENEFITS OF HIPPA COMPLIANCE
a)In the HIPPA the personal information like (name of the patient) is not included in the form. They will recognize with the reference number so any other person will not know about the detail of the patient.
b)All the patient’s records are in the encrypted form so it is difficult to tamper.
c)If you are a HIPPA compliant DATA BACKUP is provided to you because most of the Hospital do-not-care about the data backup of their patients. So under HIPPA compliance, you will get a proper record of your data with backup. So your valuable customer data is not deleted and if deleted you can recover them easily.
IF YOU ARE NOT HIPPA COMPLIANT
a)First the valuable information about the patient is disclosed to anyone.
b)Any kind of data breach may happen to you this will cause a downfall in the reputation of your hospital because if your patient’s data is leaked it may have a bad impact on your future patients and business. So the reputation of your Hospital and also your reputation can suffer.
c)Your patients’ data is important if you are HIPPA Compliant it will be taken care of with security controls implemented but if you are not a HIPPA compliant, your patient data may be leaked then this will create a problem because you will lose your reputation. If you are not protecting your patient’s data then who will?
d)Suppose your patient is suffering from any kind of disease (not publically disclosed) and now because of your data breach, that person’s medical record is also disclosed this will create a bad impact on his life which may lead to society boycotting him. But in the case of a huge data breach, the number of patient’s records will also be increased which may create a big problem for reputed hospital thus affecting your reputation and revenue.
INDIA itself is a very big country. But surprisingly in a country like India, there is no privacy law or security law for the medical patient record. All the Record are exposed this is not acceptable how easily anyone compromising our medical patient data. The data is so much valuable that we need to do something about that. We have to implement the security to protect the medical patient data. We have to implement something like HIPPA.In INDIA there are a lot of people and Hospital too. So the medical record is too high and vulnerable. We need to do something for our security.
Hope to see Indian healthcare sector becoming HIPAA compliant soon.
Some of the leaks of Medical patient data
1) In the first week of December 2016, it was reported that the electronic medical records (EMR) of over 35,000 patents held by a Maharashtra-based pathology lab were leaked, pointing to the lack of availability of adequate safeguards for protecting such sensitive information.
2) Private data of people who bought Viagra in Andhra Pradesh exposed online.
Earlier this year, the Andhra Pradesh state government website suffered two major security breaches. While one put the Aadhaar data and other is an unsecured website of the Andhra Pradesh government has exposed the names and phone numbers of all the people who purchased medicine from a government-run store in the state.
According to a report by the Huffington Post, the dashboard of the Anna Sanjivini website allowed anyone people to access the names and phone numbers of people who purchased Suhagra 50, a generic version of Viagra, on June 13 from the Anna Sanjivini store in Anantapur in Rayalaseema region of the state.
5 Years, Rs 5 Lakh Fine for Digital Healthcare Data Breach Centre
To enforce privacy and security measures for digital health data, the Centre has drafted a law that makes any breach punishable by imprisonment along with a fine.
According to the proposed Digital Information in Healthcare Security Act (DISHA), those involved in any breach will face punishment for up to five years imprisonment and an Rs 5-lakh fine.
According to the draft, digital health data means an electronic record of health-related information including an individual’s physical or mental health, health service provided to the individual, information derived from the testing or examination of a body part or bodily substance of the individual.
It also includes information concerning the donation by the individual of any body part or any bodily substance or information relating to details of the clinical establishment accessed by the individual.
The owner also has the right to give, refuse or withdraw consent for the storage and transmission of digital health, to refuse consent to the access or disclosure of his or her digital health data, and if refused it shall not be disclosed.
The draft has been put on the website of the Health Ministry and it has invited comments by 21 April.
The draft also calls for establishing a National Electronic Health Authority and a State Electronic Health Authority and Health Information Exchanges.
The Health Information Exchange will have a Chief Health Information Executive who will access, and process the digital healthcare data transmitted by clinical establishments to further transmit the digital healthcare data and take appropriate measures to maintain, secure and protect the digital healthcare data as prescribed by the National Digital Health Authority of India.
He will also notify the data breach to the owner and such other concerned along with storing the digital healthcare data in the prescribed mode in all situations.
As per the draft, any person who breaches digital health data is liable to pay compensation to the person in case of breach of data.
Medical tourism is the term given to the phenomena of people traveling to another country seeking medical treatment. Therefore, medical tourism in India is essentially referred to patients from other countries coming to India for their medical treatments. India is among the top three destinations for medical tourism in Asia – along with Thailand and Singapore, it accounted for around 60% of Asian revenue through healthcare in 2012.
The medical tourism in India is expected to grow at a rate of 20% between 2014 and 2018. It is formally a promising sector for India, poised to reach USD 6 billion by the year 2018.
The Boom of Medical Tourism in India
It is a well-known fact that medical tourism in India is growing at an increasing pace. Therefore, the question that arises in everyone’s mind is what are the factors that are fueling growth in the sector of medical tourism in India. The answer to this is fairly straightforward, there are various factors leading to the increased influx of patients from other countries seeking treatment in India.
Factors Contributing Towards Increasing Medical Tourism in India
Current trends in the medical sector communicate that medical tourism is on a high growth path in the Indian subcontinent. Therefore, given below are some of the factors leading to increased share of India’s next crown jewel i.e. medical tourism:
1. Quality healthcare at reasonable costs
With state-of-the-art hospitals and healthcare technologies available in India at par with those found in developed nations, patients can expect quality healthcare and assistance for their condition.
2. World-class doctors
Most top hospitals in India have physicians and surgeons on their board who have spent a considerable time of their study and/or practice abroad and are in sync with the latest technologies and procedures to be able to provide the same in India. Therefore, patients are attracted towards medical tourism in India with the widely skilled and acclaimed doctor present in the sub-continent.
3. Bypassing waiting lists
A huge reason why patients from other countries choose medical tourism in India is the immediate attention to the health concern, where the same may require a long wait in the home country. This is especially true for patients with chronic conditions who have to wait it out with medicines in their country before they get a chance to be operated upon.
4. Customised approach
Hospitals offering medical tourism in India facilities to tourists in India today have a well-thought-out plan for visiting patients, which includes comprehensive services that range from obtaining a medical visa, preparing documents, arranging appointments and stay, to facilitating transportation for medical care and even sightseeing.
5. Savings for the patient
Some of the developed countries like the U.S require extremely high costs for major procedures like cardiac surgeries, orthopedic treatments, etc. Coming to India and obtaining the same treatment reduces the patient’s costs by as much as 50%, without compromising on the quality of treatment. With comparatively lower hospital costs, patients visiting India are also able to afford better quality services like extended hospital stay during recovery and rehabilitation, which would otherwise be extremely expensive in their home country.
SO as a Doctor you patients is your number 1 priority. There are lots of advantages of Medical tourism. If you implement the HIPPA compliance. As we discussed above the important factors which are attracting people from around the world to visit INDIA just to get medical treatment at an affordable price. Thus contributing to medical tourism. Now you need to know that in the countries like the US, Canada which are HIPPA compliant so in order to secure their patients data their records are kept encrypted under HIPPA compliant and in order treat patients from countries like these you must be HIPPA compliant only them you will be able to access a patient’s medical record to treat him under HIPPA compliance.
IF YOU ARE NOT A HIPPA COMPLIANCE
1) So if you are not HIPPA Compliance you will not get the valuable information of the patients.
2) This will cause you the problems in the Diagnoses stages.
3)You missed out a lot of opportunity of the patents because you will not able to treat them. So it is better to be a HIPPA compliant.
The country like India where large amounts of medical patient data are there and the medical tourism are also included and we are not aware of patient data not only about INDIAN Patient but all. We have to implement the security appliances like HIPPA. Which can protect the Medical Patient Data!
SO as a Cyber Security Company Khanna Security Solution Private Limited we can protect your digital assets by protecting the network of your Hospitals.